# Question: Is Beam Search Complete?

Heuristic search refers to a search strategy that attempts to optimize a problem by iteratively improving the solution based on a given heuristic function or a cost measure.

A classic example of applying heuristic search is the traveling salesman problem (Russell and Norvig 2003)..

In numerical analysis, hill climbing is a mathematical optimization technique which belongs to the family of local search. It is an iterative algorithm that starts with an arbitrary solution to a problem, then attempts to find a better solution by making an incremental change to the solution.

## Is Hill climbing search Complete?

Hill-climbing algorithms keep only a single state in memory, but can get stuck on local optima. Simulated annealing escapes local optima, and is complete and optimal given a “long enough” cooling schedule. Genetic algorithms can search a large space by modeling biological evolution.

## What is best first search in AI?

Best-first search is a search algorithm which explores a graph by expanding the most promising node chosen according to a specified rule. … The A* search algorithm is an example of a best-first search algorithm, as is B*. Best-first algorithms are often used for path finding in combinatorial search.

## Is Hill climbing complete?

Hill climbing is neither complete nor optimal, has a time complexity of O(∞) but a space complexity of O(b). … However, these problems can be solved probabilistically by using an iterative random-restart hill-climbing with a sufficient number of iterations.

## Is Hill climbing optimal?

Hill climbing cannot reach the optimal/best state(global maximum) if it enters any of the following regions : Local maximum : At a local maximum all neighboring states have a values which is worse than the current state.

## Is Local beam search Complete?

Beam search has been made complete by combining it with depth-first search, resulting in beam stack search and depth-first beam search, and with limited discrepancy search, resulting in beam search using limited discrepancy backtracking (BULB).

## What is beam search decoding?

The beam search strategy generates the translation word by word from left-to-right while keeping a fixed number (beam) of active candidates at each time step. By increasing the beam size, the translation performance can increase at the expense of significantly reducing the decoder speed.

## What is CTC decoder?

Word beam search decoding is a Connectionist Temporal Classification (CTC) decoding algorithm. It is used for sequence recognition tasks like Handwritten Text Recognition (HTR) or Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR).

## Which is used to improve the performance of heuristic search?

Which is used to improve the performance of heuristic search? Explanation: Good heuristic can be constructed by relaxing the problem, So the performance of heuristic search can be improved. 10. Which search method will expand the node that is closest to the goal?