Question: Who Can Use FOIA?

Does FOIA apply to local governments?

FOIA stands for Freedom of Information Act, and usually refers to the federal law that provides access to records of federal executive agencies.

It applies only to federal agencies as defined in the statute, and does not apply to state agencies or local governments.

See 5 U.S.C.

§ 552 (f)(1), and St..

What information is exempt from a FOIA request?

The nine exemptions are described below.Exemption 1: Information that is classified to protect national security.Exemption 2: Information related solely to the internal personnel rules and practices of an agency.Exemption 3: Information that is prohibited from disclosure by another federal law.More items…

How do I submit a Army FOIA request?

Submit a letter including your full name and address, phone number, e-mail address, a reasonable description of the record(s) requested, and a statement of your fee category and your willingness to pay applicable fees (see the sample). Submit the letter to

What is subject to FOIA?

The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) generally provides that any person has the right to request access to federal agency records or information except to the extent the records are protected from disclosure by any of nine exemptions contained in the law or by one of three special law enforcement record exclusions.

Can a federal employee make a FOIA request?

Who can file a FOIA request? Any person can file a FOIA request, including U.S. citizens, foreign nationals, organizations, universities, businesses, and state and local governments. Federal employees may not use government time or equipment when requesting information under the FOIA.

What is the difference between freedom of information and subject access request?

FOI is about providing access to public information. Data protection legislation protects personal data. It gives you the legal right to access information held about you (by making a Subject Access Request) and, in some cases, to prevent your personal information being seen, used or processed by other people.

Who is subject to a FOIA request?

FOIA covers records from all federal regulatory agencies, cabinet and military departments, offices, commissions, government-controlled corporations, the Executive Office of the President, and other organizations of the Executive Branch of the federal government. 5 U.S.C. § 552(f).

What are the 9 exemptions of FOIA?

ExemptionsExemption 1. Protects information that is properly classified in the interest of national security pursuant to Executive Order 12958.Exemption 2. Protects records related solely to the internal personnel rules and practices of an agency.Exemption 3. … Exemption 4. … Exemption 5. … Exemption 6. … Exemption 7. … Exemption 8.More items…•

What does FOIA exempt mean?

An absolute exemption means there is no obligation under the FOIA to release the requested information (although there may be other reasons outside the act to do so). A qualified exemption means that the public authority has to assess the balance of the public interest for and against disclosure.

How do you write a good FOIA request?

FOIA Tip No. 9: Writing a Good FOIA Request Part IIBe clear and specific. … Make sure your request is reasonable in scope. … Provide a date range for records or a date of the event you are researching. … Provide accurate titles and full names, and include any news stories discussing the subject of your request. … Keep your request brief.More items…•

How do I request a freedom of information?

For your request to be dealt with according to the Freedom of Information Act, you must:contact the relevant authority directly;make the request in writing, for example in a letter or an email. … give your real name; and.give an address to which the authority can reply.

Can FOIA requests be anonymous?

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests are not confidential. Once a FOIA request is received, it becomes a public record of the USGS. If the request contains personally identifying information or the request is deemed “sensitive,” we may redact information under FOIA Exemption 6 (personal privacy).

What is the purpose of FOIA?

The Freedom of Information Act 2000 provides public access to information held by public authorities. It does this in two ways: public authorities are obliged to publish certain information about their activities; and. members of the public are entitled to request information from public authorities.

When can a FOIA be denied?

When information is withheld, whether partially or fully, this constitutes a denial under FOIA. If your request is partially denied, you will receive a document in which the information that is exempted from disclosure has been redacted. A request may be denied for one or more of the aforementioned exemptions.